Rwanda, 1994


Rwandan Genocide, 1994

Before the Hutus were in power of Rwanda, the Tutsis were. The Tutsis suppressed the Hutus, so when the Hutus took over the government, there were bitter feelings. The Hutus had many military groups that began to collect weapons. Beginning as early as 1993, the weapons began shipping in. In January 1994, France was delivering a shipment of armaments to Rwanda, which was a violation of a recent treaty that Rwanda couldn’t get weapons during a transition period, basically. France confiscated the weapons. The United Nations should have stepped in, but all the major first-world countries turned their backs to the suspicion that should have risen.

The Hutus oppressed the Tutsis so much that it led to genocide. The mass killings lasted for 100 days, from April to July. About 1 million deaths occurred. Racism can be targeted as the main cause and roots of the hatred. The Hutus and Tutsis are slightly different skin colors, because their ethnic background differs. Both groups lived in Rwanda, always struggling for control. This genocide was the climax of all hatred.
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The Rwandan Patriotic Front, a group of Tutsis, actually gathered enough power to overthrow the Hutus in a renewed invasion. These Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu regime in July of 1994, ending the genocide. Approximately 2 million refugees fled to surrounding countries for safety. Many Rwandans still suffered, because they had lost their homes, families, and everything else in their lives. They suffered from starvation, diseases, and malnutrition. People continued to die from the effects of the genocide long after the attacks stopped.

by Maureen


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